I do not believe that the government’s targets for growth in agricultural productivity will be met. Even if they are, it will be skewed growth, which will not better the real incomes of the vast majority of farmers.
The quest for food security took us along the path of the green revolution and subsidies focused on a few crops.
Clearly the green revolution and the subsequent white revolution (dairy cooperatives) succeeded in their objectives
Extending the same programs for the same systems and the same food products is not going to work to achieve the new objective, which is to enhance farmer incomes.
The only real solution is to enhance economic productivity of small land holdings. However, this cannot happen if those farmers continue to grow what they have done so far.
They must move up the value chain. This means new products using new technologies.
Read the article that inspired this post here: https://www.business-standard.com/article/opinion/solving-the-farm-riddle-119030800040_1.html