Sweeteners are a staple for millions of people suffering from or fearful of type 2 diabetes across the globe. Sweeteners may be helpful in structured and well supervised diets but their long term use and effect on the human body is what is worrying scientists and researchers.
Sweeteners may cause obesity
A study conducted by scientists from Sydney University and The Garvan Institute, published in the journal Cell Metabolism last year, showed artificial sweeteners can change how animals perceive the sweetness of their food. A discrepancy between sweetness and energy levels prompt them to eat more. The scientists noted that people use sweeteners to control sugar and weight issues, not knowing the actual impact on the brain and in regulating hunger.
Another study by researchers from Adelaide University found that when consumed daily and in large amounts, artificial sweeteners can change the body’s response to glucose. They researchers studies whether the artificial sweeteners affected intestinal glucose absorption into the blood.They found that it could worsen blood glucose control and also may expose you to type 2 diabetes.
Another study presented at the 2018 Experimental Biology meeting sought to examine the biochemical effects of artificial sweeteners in rats and cell cultures. For the study, the researchers fed one group of rats a diet rich in glucose or fructose, different types of sugars, and fed the other group of rats a diet with aspartame or acesulfame potassium, common zero-calorie artificial sweeteners. After just three weeks, the researchers observed differences in the concentrations of biochemicals, fats and amino acids in blood samples.
It is a paradox that sweeteners, which are being used by diabetics and overweight people in order to lower their blood glucose level and weight, are actually contributing to weight gain and higher sugar levels.