A natural polysaccharide, produced by different seaweeds (Chrondrus crispus, Gigartina stellata, Euchema spinosum, E. cottonii) in Europe, Asia and America. It is a complex mixture of polysaccharides. E407a has a slightly different composition; moreover, it contains a considerable amount of cellulose.
Function & characteristics:
Thickening agent and stabiliser.
Many different products.
Acceptable Daily Intake:
None known in the concentrations used, although high concentrations bring about flatulence and bloating, due to fermentation by the intestinal microflora (in the same way as all indigestible polysaccharides). Short-chain carrageenans may cause intestinal leakage and are not permitted for use in foods.
Carrageenans can be used by all religious groups, vegans and vegetarians.
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