In 2017, India’s food regulator, the FSSAI, told the Supreme Court that Genetically Modified (GM) food products were not allowed in the country. However, despite that, GM food products have flooded the Indian markets and no action is being taken against it.
A complaint was filed with the FSSAI by The Coalition for a GM-free India with pictorial evidence, asking them to remove it from the market and fix liability on those involved.
Union Health Minister JP Nadda, on January 29, had admitted in Parliament that since 2007, GM soybean and canola oils are being imported in India without the approval of FSSAI, which has the responsibility to regulate food to ensure its safety.
The import of GM food requires approvals under two laws: the Environment Protection Act of 1986 and the Food Safety and Standards Act of 2006. The first law covers environmental impacts of the food products, while the second one assesses the food’s impact on human health. As no regulation has been finalised for GM products, it is still banned in India.