Chlorpyrifos is a broad spectrum insecticide which is used to kill a variety of insects since 1965 in both agricultural and non-agricultural areas. It is primarily used in the agricultural sector on corn. It is also used on soybeans, fruit and nut trees, Brussels sprouts, cranberries, broccoli, and cauliflower, as well as other row crops. Non-agricultural uses are on golf courses, turf, green houses, utility poles and fences. Chlorpyrifos acts on pests as a stomach poison, it is one of a class of insecticides referred to as organophosphates.
Toxic effects of Chlorpyrifos on Humans
It is toxic to humans and poisoning from chlorpyrifos may affect the central nervous system, the cardiovascular system, and the respiratory system. It is also a skin and eye irritant. Skin which has come in contact with this material should be washed immediately with soap and water and all contaminated clothing should be removed.
People with respiratory ailments, or recent exposure to cholinesterase inhibitors, cholinesterase impairment, or liver malfunction are at increased risk from exposure to chlorpyrifos.
Some of the symptoms caused by exposure to Chlorpyrifos are respiratory which may include bloody or runny nose, coughing, chest discomfort, difficult or short breath, nausea, vomiting, diarrhea, abdominal cramps, headache, dizziness, eye pain, blurred vision, constriction or dilation of the eye pupils, tears, salivation, sweating, and confusion. Death may be caused by respiratory failure or cardiac arrest.